Exercise 1: Running the Java Microservice locally

Note: This lab is structured in understanding and hands-on tasks.

Step 1: Understanding

In this workshop we run a Microservice that has been implemented with Java EE and Eclipse MicroProfile.

The Microservice has been kept as simple as possible, so that it can be used as a starting point for other Microservices. It contains the following functionality:

This service provides a REST API 'getauthor'. Normally we would use a database but in this example we just simulate with local sample data. With this small example we touch the following topics:

Definition of the Image

For the image we use a stack of open source components to run the Java Microservice on Open Liberty.

  • OpenJ9 0.12.1

  • OpenJDK 8u202-b08 from AdoptOpenJDK

  • Open Liberty 18.0.0.4

  • MicroProfile 3.0

In the Dockerfile we define how to build the container image. For detailed information check the Dockerfile documentation.

When we build a new container image we usually start with an existing container image that already contains a minimum of the configuration we need, for example the OS, the Java version or even more. For this we search DockerHub or on the internet to find a starting point which fits to our needs.

Inside of our Dockerfile we use two stages to build the container image . The reason for the two stages is that we want to be independend of an existing local environment when we build our production services. With this concept we don't have to ensure that e.g. Java and Maven or correct versions of them are installed on the local machine of the developers.

With this two stage approach there is one container responsible to build the Microservice, let us call this container build environment container, and another container will contain the Microservice itself, we call this the production container. Only this production container is later used.

Build environment container

In the following Dockerfile sample we can see how we create our build environment container based on the maven 3.5 image from DockerHub.

We use the pom file that we defined before to build our Authors service with RUN mvn -f /usr/src/app/pom.xml clean package.

FROM maven:3.5-jdk-8 as BUILD
COPY src /usr/src/app/src
COPY pom.xml /usr/src/app
RUN mvn -f /usr/src/app/pom.xml clean package

Production container

The starting point for the Production container is an OpenLiberty container.

We copy the Authors service code together with the server.xml for the OpenLiberty server to this container.

Note: The service.xml defines port 3000 as the port where we can reach the Authors Microservice. That port must be exposed with EXPOSE 3000 in the Dockerfile.

FROM open-liberty:19.0.0.9-kernel-java11
COPY liberty/server.xml /config/
COPY --from=0 /usr/src/app/target/authors.war /config/apps/
# This script will add the requested XML snippets, grow image to be fit-for-purpose and apply interim fixes
# https://github.com/WASdev/ci.docker
RUN configure.sh
EXPOSE 3000

Step 2: Hands-on tasks - Run the container locally

That lab needs a local Docker installation.

Step 1: Test the Microservice in a local container

Open the the Terminal session where you cloned the Cloud-Native-Starter project to your local computer.

cd $ROOT_FOLDER/authors-java-jee
docker build -t authors .
docker run -i --rm -p 3000:3000 authors

Step 2: Open the Swagger UI of the mircoservice in a browser

http://localhost:3000/openapi/ui/
Swagger UI